A business depends largely on its personnel and the skills they possess. For this reason, it is essential that the employer identifies his recruitment needs in time.
It is mainly the responsibility of the employer to identify recruitment needs.
Identification of recruitment needs may in particular be a result of:
- operational requirements stated by department managers;
- human resources management's forward planning in terms of jobs and skills;
- internal or external audit recommendations.
Analysis of the environment
Internal and external factors affecting the business may have an impact in terms of recruitment needs.
For example, external factors are:
- introduction of new legislation or regulations;
- development of professions or technologies;
- a change in the economic situation.
Internal factors may be:
- acquisition of new markets;
Responding to a specific need for personnel
Certain personnel changes in the company justify recruitment needs.
In this context, the employer must decide whether or not to act upon the recruitment needs. This is particularly the case in the event of:
- reduction of working time;
- the resignation of an employee;
- the death of an employee;
- the dismissal of an employee;
- the retirement of an employee;
- maternity leave or adoption leave of an employee;
- parental leave of an employee;
- a secondment or a transfer of an employee abroad;
- unpaid leave for personal reasons;
- unpaid leave for training purposes.
Defining the type of need
The employer's response to the recruitment need which he has identified depends on various factors, such as:
- level of urgency;
- the available budget;
- the profile sought.
The employer will then decide whether to initiate an internal selection procedure or to recruit externally.
At the beginning of the recruitment process, the employer must take into account eventual former employees which may benefit from priority for re-employement.
If he opts for external recruitment, the employer must decide which type of contract he intends to use. The employer can conclude: