All persons on the electoral register elect six Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) every five years. If legislative elections are scheduled to take place at the same time, specific provisions enable the two elections to occur on the same date. The polling stations are the same for both elections.
Voting in the European elections is mandatory for all registered voters, regardless of their nationality. Voters may not be represented by proxy.
Non-Luxembourg EU nationals may vote in European elections in Luxembourg, whereas only Luxembourgish citizens may vote in the legislative elections. If they wish to vote in the European elections in Luxembourg for the first time, nationals of EU Member States must apply for electoral registration in the commune where they live.
For a certain number of communes with this service, voters can register electronically on the electoral via the macommune.lu portal.
To vote in the European elections, an elector must:
- be a Luxembourgish citizen or a national of another EU Member State;
- be at least 18 years of age on the day of the election;
- enjoy civil rights and not have been deprived of the right to vote either in Luxembourg or in their home EU Member State;
- for Luxembourgish citizens, be domiciled in the Grand Duchy. Luxembourgish citizens residing abroad may vote in the European elections by postal vote;
- For nationals of other EU Member States, be domiciled in Luxembourg and have been resident there at the time of the application for registration on the electoral list specified by law.
A postal voting system is allowed for certain voters and in some conditions to prevent abstention.
The following are excludedfrom the electorate and are not allowed to vote:
- people who have been convicted of criminal offences;
- people who, for lesser offences, have been deprived of the right to vote by their sentences;
- persons over 18 who are under guardianship.
Whilst the electoral registers are permanent, applications for removals and new registrations are accepted:
- until the 86th day (the 13th Friday) before the European elections;
- pursuant to a change in voters' electoral residence;
- pursuant to a rectification by the administrative courts.
Management of the electoral registers
Status as an elector is demonstrated by registration on the electoral lists. Electoral registers are maintained by the mayor and aldermen of each commune, in particular using declarations of births and declarations of arrival of new residents in the commune.
In the event of a move to another commune at any time of year, the voting right must be transferred to the new commune.
The procedure is as follows:
- the mayor of the new commune of residence adds the voter to the electoral register in that commune; and
- the mayor of the former commune of residence removes the voter from the electoral register there.
The age and residency conditions must be met on election day.
Registering as a Luxembourgish voter
The mayor and aldermen of each commune update the list of Luxembourgish citizens eligible (and obliged) to vote in elections throughout the year. The mayor and aldermen of each commune maintain the list and, either automatically or at the request of any Luxembourgish citizen, register those who meet the eligibility criteria and are domiciled in the commune.
Voters are registered automatically:
- on the official register, for persons reaching the age of 18 before the provisional deadline for registration;
- on the secondary register for persons reaching the age of 18 between the provisional deadline for registration and the date of the election, inclusive.
Registering as a voter from another EU Member State
Nationals from other EU Member States resident in Luxembourg have the right to vote in European elections.
If it is the first time they are taking part in the European elections, they must apply for registration on the separate foreign voters register, which also states the nationality of the voters registered with the commune of residence, within the registration deadlines.
Applications for registration must be made on paper, signed and dated, and filed with the mayor and aldermen prior to the 86th day before the European elections.
In support of their application for registration, nationals from other EU Member States must present the following:
- a formal declaration specifying:
- their nationality, their date and place of birth, the last address in their Member State of origin and their address in Luxembourg;
- where applicable, on the electoral register of the local area or district in the Member State of origin where they were last registered;
- that they will only exercise their right to vote in elections for the European Parliament in Luxembourg;
- that they have not been stripped of the right to vote in their Member State of origin by individual court order or by administrative decision, provided the person can make a legal appeal or, as the case may be, their loss of eligibility is due to the conditions of residency imposed by the State of origin;
- a current valid identity document.
False declarations are subject to penalties.
If the application is complete, a receipt will be provided to the concerned party.
15 days after the application for registration, interested parties will be informed by individual letter of the result of their application, and any denial for registration must be justified. In the event of denial of registration, an appeal may be made to the mayor and aldermen no later than 79 days prior to the election.
62 days prior to the European elections, the College of Aldermen sends a copy of the list of foreign voters for the European elections to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministère des Affaires étrangères). The Ministry, in turn, informs the registered voters' respective Member States.
When a voter who is a national of another EU Member State is on the electoral register, they will be kept on it in the same conditions as Luxembourgish voters, until they ask to be removed or until they are officially removed because they no longer meet the conditions required to exercise their vote. When they are registered, they are required to vote.
Voters who wish to be removed from the electoral register must make their request in writing to the College of Aldermen, attaching a photocopy of their identity document (identity card or passport).
Revision of registers and complaints
On the 86th day prior to the election, the filing of the provisional registers prepared by the College of Aldermen will be made public. Any citizen may then send any complaint, in writing, to the College of Aldermen, until the 79th day prior to the election, at the latest, separately for each voter.
Citizens who have not yet reached the age of 18 by the provisional registration deadline but who have the right to vote must send their claim to the College of Aldermen through their respective legal guardians.
The registers are definitively closed on the 72nd day prior to the election.
If, while reviewing the provisional registers, the College of Aldermen removes the names of voters who had been included on the provisional registers, such voters will be informed in writing at their home, no later than 48 hours from the date of publication of the register, informing them of the reasons for the removal. This notification is given by registered letter with confirmation of receipt.
Any person who is improperly registered, omitted or removed from the electoral lists may appeal to the administrative tribunal for a reversal.
At least five days in advance, the communal administration will send each voter a polling card indicating the date, opening and closing times, and location where the election is to take place, and, if there is more than one polling station, the name of the polling station where that voter is to vote. The polling card contains voter instructions as well as the list of candidates.
On the day of the election, voters may go to the polling station with their identity card, passport or foreign identity card, but do not need to bring the polling card.
If a voter is not in possession of their polling card and does not present their identification card, passport or foreign ID card, they may still be allowed to vote if their identity and status are recognised by the polling station.
The election system
Elections for the European Parliament are made by direct universal suffrage to elect six deputies with a 5-year mandate.
For the European elections, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a single electoral district. Deputies are elected using the general ticket method with proportional representation. The political parties must draw up lists of candidates, composed mainly of candidates with Luxembourgish nationality. The elections are direct: voters elect their deputies directly, without any intermediary.
Each voter has as many votes as there are deputies to elect – i.e. six. Votes may be cast for a list or for individual candidates.
Voters who vote for a list may not cast any additional votes (or their ballot may be cancelled), unless the chosen list includes fewer candidates than there are deputies to be elected in the district. Voters who vote for individual candidates may chose candidates from the same list or from different lists, but must be careful not to vote for more candidates than there are available seats.
The seats then go to the candidates who obtain the most votes. When there is a tied vote, victory goes to the candidate selected by random draw.